2005: Shoes on the Danube Bank


The Arrow Cross militia – the military wing of the National Socialist Party of Hungary – gathered 3500 people, 800 Jewish, on the banks of Danube River. The militia forced the estimated 3500 to remove their shoes, then executed all those gathered; their bodies fell into the river and were swept away. A plaque in Hungarian, English, and Hebrew reads: “To the memory of the victims shot into the Danube by Arrow Cross militiamen in 1944–45. Erected 16 April 2005.”

Source: Photograph by Nikodem Nijaki.

1861: The Sin of Rebellion

I believe, generally, there is no remission of sin without the shedding of blood, and the sin of rebellion is no exception. True here as very often, the blood of the innocent must mingle their blood with the guilty.
Charles Pendleton Bowler, U.S. Federal soldier, to one of his brothers, Nodiah Potter Bowler, on August 14, 1861.SourceThe Bowler Family Papers at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond, Virginia (44 items total).

Bowler was an undergraduate student at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio on the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War. A company of soldiers was raised from Oberlin College (led by three professors), which Bowler joined on April 17, 1861. The unit became the Seventh Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company C. Bowler was promoted to sergeant. Less than a year after writing the above letter to his brother, Bowler was killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain in Virginia on August 9, 1862.

SourceItinerary of the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1864, edited and compiled by Lawrence Wilson, First Sergeant Company D (New York: The Neale Publishing Company, 1907) (pg. 420).


This website is dedicated to my personal and professional research, also known as  unusual discoveries.

My name is Dr. Ree, and I study people and places on the margins. Historians investigate the past through primary sources: text, visuals, sounds, spaces, objects. They further their understanding of history by consulting secondary sources, such as books, articles, documentaries, museums, etc.

Unusual Discoveries contains a wild myriad of primary and secondary sources for United States History since its prehistory to the present.

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